Allergies are one of the most common chronic diseases. A chronic
disease lasts a long time or occurs often. An allergy occurs when the body’s
immune system sees a substance as harmful and overreacts to it. The substances
that cause allergic reactions are allergens. When someone has allergies, their
immune system makes an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These
antibodies respond to allergens. The symptoms that result are an allergic reaction.
The most common allergy symptoms can simply make you
uncomfortable. For example, you may have watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing, a
rash or hives. Other more serious symptoms, like trouble breathing and swelling in
your mouth or throat, may be a life-threatening reaction called anaphylaxis.
Good allergy treatment is based on your medical history and the severity
of your symptoms. It can include three different treatment strategies: avoidance of
allergens, medication options and/or immunotherapy (a treatment to train your
immune system not to overreact).
The best way to prevent an allergic reaction is to avoid your allergens. It
sounds so easy, but you can’t always avoid them. For example, it’s not possible to
avoid all outdoor activities if you’re allergic to trees and grass. But there are steps
you can take to reduce your chances of having an allergic reaction by carrying the
medicine you will need if you start to feel the reaction coming on. It is important to
prepare and have an allergy action plan.
Don’t let allergies interfere with your day-to-day activities at home, work
or school. You can live a normal life despite having allergies. See your Doctor
today for treatment and guidance. Take steps to avoid your allergens. Keep
medicine with you at all times so you can treat an allergic reaction. Use
our tips to help you manage your daily life with allergies.